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2. The implementation of a common degree structure
One of the objectives of the Bologna Process is to organise higher education in all participating countries on the basis of comparable cycles, each of which will lead to an internationally recognised degree. The Bologna Process focused initially on the Bachelor’s degree and Master’s degree cycle. In 2003, a third cycle, the Doctorate, was included in the process.
The main reason for the harmonisation of the degree structure is the desire to better align the various national systems with each other and to facilitate the comparison of exit qualifications. This is expected to promote student and graduate mobility and improve alignment between higher education and the labour market.